How is the Afgan culture or traditions shown in The Kite Runner?

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Lorraine Caplan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are many examples of Afghan culture and tradition in this story.  Part of the sadness of the story is that we see how the culture has suffered from the disruptions of war and politics, and part of the happiness of the story rests on our seeing the preservation of Afghan culture in the new world of the United States. 

One example of this is the kite racing that figures so prominently in the book.  Amir tells us that "The kite-fighting tournament was an old winter tradition in Afghanistan (51).  Although the Taliban do away with kite racing, at the end of The Kite Runner, we see that this tradition has been preserved within the Afghan community in America, and that it is this tradition, in fact, that begins a process of healing for Sohrab. 

Other examples of Afghan tradition are the customs associated with Afghan marriage.  These are clearly preserved in the United States in the Afghan community.  We see this as we watch Amir and Soraya court and fall in love.  Baba must see Soraya's father to ask for Soraya's hand in marriage to Amir.  A gathering follows the General's consent, called "lafz," which means "giving word (167.)   When the General and Amir meet at the this gathering, Amir tells us,

"The general held me at arm's length and smiled knowingly, as if saying, 'Now, this is the right way - the Afghan way - to do it, hachem.' We kissed three times on the cheek" (167). 

There are speeches and ceremonies at this gathering that are clearly traditionally Afghan.  Other traditions are set aside because Baba is dying, and the couple wants to be wed before he does so. But the wedding itself is a traditional Afghan wedding held in an Afghan banquet hall. The wedding is described in detail on pages 170 and 171.

We do see other glimpses of Afghan culture throughout the book, in the descriptions of Baba's house, for example, and in references to the kinds of foods Afghan people grow and enjoy.  Afghan culture is rich and fascinating, and I have provided you with a link to a web site with more information about it. 

gmuss25 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

In The Kite Runner, Khaled Hosseini depicts numerous Afghan traditions and illustrates the rich culture throughout the story. Hosseini elaborates on the social persecution of Hazaras living in Afghanistan by the Pashtuns. The relationship between both ethnic groups is illustrated by Amir and Hassan's relationship, which is hindered because of social pressure. Islam is also addressed throughout the story, which is the predominant religion of Afghanistan. Coincidentally, the Sunni and Shia factions are also portrayed. Politics and religion are closely linked in Afghanistan, and Baba's differing views on Islam are also examined. Afghan cuisine is also mentioned throughout the novel as Amir enjoys kofta sandwiches, chopan kabob, sholeh-goshti, and wild-orange rice. Certain Afghan games such as kite-fighting, buzkashi, and soccer are also discussed throughout the story. Traditional courting manners and marriage festivities are displayed when Amir marries Soraya. For example, Baba must address General Taheri and his wife in order to confirm his son's marriage. In Afghanistan, marriage is a lengthy process, which involves both families and follows strict guidelines. Hosseini also incorporates the spoken language of Afghanistan. Words such as “bakhshesh” and “alaykum” create an atmosphere and give deeper insight into the culture of Afghanistan.

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The Kite Runner

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