Discuss how hopes and dreams are important in Of Mice and Men.

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Hopes and dreams are important parts to the characterizations in Steinbeck's work.  Each of the main characters is driven by their hopes and dreams.  They are important because they provide motivation and a sense of animation to each of their being.  When these hopes and dreams are gone, it becomes clear that a part of their humanity goes, also.

Lennie and George are driven by their hopes and dreams of owning a farm.  For Lennie, this immediately translates into "tending the rabbits."  For George, this becomes the idea that they can own "a piece of land" and control it for themselves.  Such hopes and dreams are important to George and Lennie because it provides motivation to them and helps them endure challenging times.  The ability to hope and dream is of vital importance to their being.

Hoping and dreaming is how Candy can be best described in his dreams of sharing in the hope of George and Lennie.  Candy is motivated by his sharing in their hopes and dreams.  Candy is broken when he finds Curley's wife's body because it marks the end of his dreams.  Interestingly enough, Curley's wife's death is caused, to an extent, by her own hoping and dreaming.  In detailing her dreams and potential chance at stardom to Lennie, she is encouraged to have him feel her hair, bringing about the fatality.  Candy's cursing of the corpse is a statement of how important hoping and dreaming is to the individual in Steinbeck's world.

In the end, characters in Steinbeck's novel are ones that find hoping and dreaming important.  When this ability to hope and dream goes away, some level of the characters' humanity goes with it.  In this, Steinbeck makes clear that individuals who lose the ability to hope and dream die a little bit from an emotional point of view.

mdelmuro eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Nearly all of the characters in John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men are driven by their hopes and dreams for a better future.

Here are some examples:

Lennie and George go to the West in order to move away from the Dust Bowl with the hope that they'll be able to work hard and find a place of their own.

For George and Lennie, they dream of buying their own little ranch where they can "have a little house and a couple of acres an' a cow and some pigs." These dreams are infectious as both Candy and Crooks buy into George and Lennie's plan to buy their own ranch. 

Curley's wife maintains her sanity by remembering the dreams she had before she married. She believed she'd be "in the movies" and that she "was a natural." Her rotted dreams could be the reason why she maintains such an awful disposition to most of the men in the bunkhouse.

Unfortunately for these characters, many of these characters' hopes and dreams will never materialize, which is a vital part of what makes the book so tragic.

arjun | Student

Both are important because they decorate the life and mankind easily runs on their tracks. If they are violated,the life will be meaningless and our existence will be perished.