How does genetic mutation help with farming?

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gsenviro eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Genetic mutation is the process of manipulating the genes of any species to achieve certain favorable traits in the offspring. In farming, genetic mutation has led to the discovery and production of crops and animals with desirable traits such as high-yield (also called higher output/ha, or more meat/animal or eggs/bird, etc.), insect/pest-resistance, weather-friendly (more amenable to local weather), low maintenance, disease-resistance, higher shelf-life, higher nutrition levels, etc. 

Some examples of such useful genetic mutations include insect-resistant cowpea and brinjal, modified soybeans and Alfaalfa, Granny Smith apples, and Murray Grey cow. The implementation of genetically mutated crops has ameliorated the food problem in large parts of the world; an example is the green revolution in India. 

There is ongoing debate on the long-term effects of mutated species, especially radiation-based mutations. However, the benefits of genetically mutated crops and animals cannot be denied. 

udonbutterfly | Student

Genetic mutation does a lot to help out farms, especially farms where crops grow in a variety of different climates throughout the year. With the use of genetic mutation farmers have the ability to make crops last longer and become more edible. For example, before it was genetically modified corn was brown and black inedible and feed to pigs. Now corn is yellow and is used as a popular side dish that farmers are able to capitalize. Also with genetic modification farmers were able to make corps that would repel problematic insects that destroy crops.

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