How might the rise of religious-based independence movements challenge Enlightenment ideals?
One of the major ideals of the Enlightenment was reliance on reason rather than on things like religion. Enlightenment thinkers did not believe that people should believe in things for which there was no rational proof. Religion can be seen as one of these things. To Enlightenment thinkers, independence movements ought to be motivated by a desire for something like good government. The American Revolution was a good Enlightenment revolution because it was based on such ideas. By contrast, an independence movement based on a sense of religious nationalism would not be rational and would therefore go against Enlightenment ideals.