Please help me with the following true or false questions about Political Parties 1. Parties were not mentioned in the Constitution and did not exist in their recognizable form during Washington's...

Please help me with the following true or false questions about Political Parties

1. Parties were not mentioned in the Constitution and did not exist in their recognizable form during Washington's presidency

2. The 1800 presidential contest between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr was decided by the electoral college

3.  In 1824, Andrew Jackson won a plurality of the popular vote but was not chosen as president by the House of Representatives

4. The presidency supports the two-party system because the presidency is a big enough political prize so that uncomfortable coalitions will be preserved just to win the electoral vote

5.  Into virtually every election for national office, the Republican party bring the advantage of superior fund-raising ability

Asked on by readeal3

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boomer-sooner | College Teacher | (Level 1) Associate Educator

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1. Parties were not mentioned in the Constitution and did not exist in their recognizable form during Washington's presidency

Political parties are not mentioned in the Constitution and parties as they exist today were not part of the process during Washington's presidency. Political factions did exist which would turn into political parties. The first two were the Federalist and Anti-Federalists. Washington was opposed to political parties because he feared the power one might wield which could turn into a tyrannical government.

2. The 1800 presidential contest between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr was decided by the electoral college.

The 1800 election was decided by the House of Representatives. Jefferson and Burr were running mates on the Democratic-Republican ticket against  Federalist John Adams. Jefferson and Burr each received 73 electoral votes because there was no distinction between President and Vice-Presidential electoral colleges. This effectively caused a tie and the decision reverted to the House of Representatives according to Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution. It took a thirty-six ballots before Jefferson was declared the winner and assumed the Presidency.

3. In 1824, Andrew Jackson won a plurality of the popular vote but was not chosen as president by the House of Representatives.

The 1824 Presidential election would hinge on the "corrupt bargain". Jackson received the most electoral votes (99) and the popular vote (43%). However, due to not receiving a majority of the electoral votes the decision reverted once again to the House of Representatives and a choice between Jackson and John Quincy Adams. The Speaker of the House, Henry Clay, was a strong opponent of Jackson. Clay instituted a deal whereby Adams was announced as President and Clay was appointed Secretary of State.

4. The presidency supports the two-party system because the presidency is a big enough political prize so that uncomfortable coalitions will be preserved just to win the electoral vote.

The two-party system in the United States is supported by the winner-take-all atmosphere of our elections such as the presidency. The districts get to only elect one person so votes become a finite resource. The two-party system crowds out third parties as much as possible because they tend to detract the majority of their votes from only one political party (Republican or Democrat). This encourages the two main parties to curry favor with rising third party interests to ensure they do not lose important votes. The coalitions interests might not be germane to the party but are considered a necessary evil to survive in the political arena.

5. Into virtually every election for national office, the Republican party bring the advantage of superior fund-raising ability.

According to the Federal Election Commission, the Republican party has been the superior fund raising party since the 2009-10 election cycle. The last time the Democrat receipts outpaced Republicans was in 2007-08.  The most recent data is technically spit, but the Republicans still out raise the Democrats. Currently in US Senate races the Democrats have raised approximately $2 million more. However, the Republicans have a $4.5 million advantage in House races, giving them the overall lead as well.

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