The increasing demand for health and social services, due to the rise in the proportion of the elderly people requiring care.
The increasing expectations of citizens for reduction of inequalities, access to quality-assured and evidence-based care services
The complexity of caring for people with acute and chronic disease problems
The requirement to limit healthcare costs and to optimize resource utilization, while providing the best possible healthcare under limited budgetary conditions
The need to reduce the unacceptable rates of medical errors and their significant impact on patient safety .The increasing mobility of patients
Inevitably, all of these factors have influenced significantly over the years the health care industry and particularly the ways in which healthcare organizations operate. Healthcare organizations, just like other business entities, are information-intensive enterprises, generating on a daily basis huge volumes of data from many different units such as clinics, laboratories, surgeries, administrative offices, and so on. Yet, much of this data continues even today to be processed manually is spite of decades of experience in the successful application of Information Technology (IT) in other information-intensive industries. At the same time, the health care industry has become significantly specialized and complex. The electronic health record has a wide range of names and labels including,Electronic Patient Record, Electronic Medical Record, Continuity of Care Record or PatientMedical Record Information. While the different labels can denote slight changes in the scope, the content, and the use of the record, the core role of this central ITC tool remains the same: to enable comprehensive documentation of the care provided to any citizen, and to make the right information available to the right healthcare providers at the right time.