The Historical Period of the Iliad The Iliad was not transferred to written form until centuries following the Mycenaean era; probably during the eighth century B.C. during a transitional period between the Greek Dark Age and the classical period, when learning and literacy took hold in the Greek city-states. The Iliad recounts a turning point in the ten-year Trojan War, a brief period that deals heavily with the politics, warfare, class structure, tradition, and religion of the Greeks. Tradition refers to the author of the Iliad as an Ionian bard called Homer, whose name refers in the Greek language to one who is blind. However, the authorship of the epic remains unproved and unless new evidence is brought to light sometime in the future, this question will remain unanswered. The Iliad illustrates elements of the Bronze Age and the Greek Archaic period, but which era does it most reflect?  

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Although I am not any expert on this topic, I would say from having studied various bits of this epic class that it reflects more the period of Greek Archaism through its exploration of the culture and structure of Greek society at the time. It obviously became a seminal work for Greek culture, which is why it is regarded as an epic classic today, in the way that it created a past and gave Greek culture epic heroes which they could use to create a Greek ideal.

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