Historians Robert Bothwell, Ian Drummond, JohnEnglish, Sarah Glassford, and Amy Shaw maintain that World War I was "of fundamental importance in the changes in the political role of women." Develop an argument to support or challenge this judgment.

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World War I was, in many ways, a watershed event for women in the Western world, particularly in Great Britain and the United States. In these countries, women intensified their demands for equality, particularly the right to vote. In the United States, for example, suffragists picketed in front of the White House for the duration of the war, holding signs that used President Woodrow Wilson's democratic rhetoric to illustrate the hypocrisy of fighting for democracy abroad while denying the right to vote to women at home. In Great Britain, where the suffrage movement had, up to that point, been more radical than in the United States, women, for the most part, stopped directly campaigning for the vote in the interest of national solidarity.

In both nations, women received the vote—the Nineteenth Amendment in the United States, and the Representation of the People Act in the UK dropped sex as a requirement for voting (though this was far more limited in Great Britain.) This substantial gain was in no small part the result of the enormous contributions that women made to the war effort in both countries. Women worked in essential wartime industries on an unprecedented scale, and entered the workplace in other ways as well, filling jobs vacated by men. This fed into women's demands for political equality, and helped to lay the foundation for the "new woman" ideal of the 1920s.

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