How many parts can we divide "The Lake Isle of Innisefree" according to the structure of it?

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jmj616 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

William Butler Yeats, the author of "The Lake Isle of Innisfree," makes it quite easy for us to see how many "parts" his poem has.  Yeats divides his poem into three stanzas, each of which expresses a distinct thought.

In Stanza 1, Yeats declares his intent to go to Innisfree and live in a small cabin, "of clay and wattles made."  He briefly describes what his life will be like there (nine bean-rows, a bee-hive) but he does not tell us why he wants to go there.

In Stanza 2, Yeats tells us that he is seeking peace:

And I shall have some peace there, for peace comes dropping slow... 

He also describes some of the natural phenomenom at Innisfree that will contribute to his peace: the song of the cricket, the glimmer of the sky at midnight, the purple glow of noontime, and the "evening full of the linnet's wings."

In Stanza 3, Yeats hints to us some of his dissatisfaction with life away from the natural beauty and calm of Innisfree.  He is stuck in a city where he stands "on the roadway, or on the pavements grey."  As he stands there, he can hear the water lapping onto the shores of Innisfree "in the deep heart's core."