I have to read Animal Farm by George Orwell and I don't really understand the book. Can someone give me a brief summary of the whole book please? I hear that the book is really about the Soviet Union and I am not sure about it because there are animals.
You have to keep in mind that this story is an example of a type of literature called the “allegory.” An allegory is a type of story in which the characters, events, and ideas stand for something else. In the case of Animal Farm, the characters, events, and ideas stand for the Russian Revolution. For example, the character Napoleon represents the real-life person of Joseph Stalin. The concept of Animalism (the philosophy the animals adopt once they gain their freedom) stands for socialism/communism.
The writer, George Orwell, was a socialist (a type of government that is similar to communism). He believed that socialism was a good idea, but that Russia was doing a bad job of implementing it. He wrote the book to show how Russia was abusing its citizens and not carrying out the ideals of socialism/communism.
One of the central themes to the book is that oppressed people who throw off the oppressors eventually abuse their power and become oppressors themselves.
The story uses animals because Orwell wanted to establish emotional distance between the subject and the reader.
That way the reader can look at the events without getting too caught up in the tragic fate of the characters themselves. It has the feel of an instructive fairytale.
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