what is the source of behavioral,psychological and psychiatric disorders ? This is my question,but I need to answer it with learning explanation.I know both genetic and learning effect on it,but I...

what is the source of behavioral,psychological and psychiatric disorders ? This is my question,but I need to answer it with learning explanation.I know both genetic and learning effect on it,but I need some examples and supports about learning answer 

Asked on by izelkara

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M.P. Ossa | College Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

You correctly identified the nature versus nurture debate that still exists, which aims to find the final and concrete answer to your initial question. In the meantime, the field of forensic psychology consistently researches human psychology and the propensity of humans to become criminals.

When you get to understand how the human mind works it is easier to prevent or divert crime. 

Traits have been identified in people who are more prone to psychopath or sociopath behaviors than others.

  • narcissistic behavior - wanting to be center of attention, causing unnecessary drama, and blaming everyone else for behaviors committed by the individual 
  • sadistic mentality- hurting animals, killing them, corrupting young children
  • bullying behaviors
  • alcohol and drug consumption
  • anger issues
  • holding to grudges
  • low self-esteem (narcissists can fit there too)
  • mood swings
  • obsessions

Notice that some of these behaviors are pushed even farther by the environment. After all, what is needed to commit a crime--big or small-- is

  • a motif
  • an opportunity
  • a weapon
  • a victim

The enclave where nature and nurture go one on one is human personality. The theory of personality presented by George Allport in Personality: A psychological interpretation (1934) contends that

Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psycho-physical systems that determine his characteristics behavior and though

Basically, you are born with a set of genes designed just for you with variations from those of your family members. The sum of all the potential behavior patterns still exists in your body, but your surroundings will determine whether you will activate those behaviors or not.  Example, if you come from a family of alcoholics, chances are that you will acquire a gene from that dominant pool.  The environment, that is, friends, family, opportunities, socialization, the bar scene, alcohol availability and other variables may  trigger your dormant behaviors faster.  Therefore, it is a combination of environmental input, biological make up, psychological state and the chance to engage in a behavior. 

Sources:

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