Hematite (Fe2O3) and magnetite (Fe3O4) are two ores used as sources of iron. Which ore provides the greater percent of iron per kilogram?
The two ores of iron are hematite and magnetite with the chemical formula Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 respectively. To determine which of the compounds has a higher percentage of iron per kilogram first the molar mass of the two compounds has to be determined.
Iron has a molar mass of 55.845 g/mole and oxygen has a molar mass of 16 g/mole. The molar mass of Fe2O3 is 159.69 and that of Fe3O4 is 231.535. In hematite the percentage of iron by mass is `111.69/159.69 ~~ 69.9%` , similarly in magnetite the percentage of iron by mass is approximately 72.3%
Magnetite has a higher percentage of iron per kilogram as compared to hematite.