I need some ideas for a speech for this book. The speech basically needs to be a summary of the book but not exactly what happens and all like a regular summary. It has to be told using 16 symbols but they have to go in order as well (beggining to end). Three of the symbols need to be of the 4 ghosts, so maybe 3 symbols for each stave? They have to be symbols that are important for the story; like you can tell the story basically using thoses 16 symbols, no more no less. Thank you!
I like the idea of choosing a theme, as the previous answer noted, to help you narrow down your symbols. Two other themes in the story that you could also find symbols for in each of the staves would be family and wealth. Here are just some suggestions, not all 16 but at least a few to get started, for your symbols.
For family you could use Fan, Fezziwig (he treats his employees like family), Fred, the Cratchits themselves, and how he becomes like a part of the Cratchit family at the end of the story. You could also look at symbols of family like the hearth and Christmas dinner.
For wealth you could use Scrooge's miserly ways pre-ghosts (choose any example, like him not letting Bob use coal), Marley, Belle breaking up with Scrooge, no one morning Scrooge after his own death, and even his generosity at the end (symbols could include the prize turkey he sends the Cratchits).
I would focus a speech on the significant theme of the novel: it is everyone's responsability to ensure that everyone is taken care of. You can give examples from the book, including the personal connection we make to Bob Cratchit and Tiny Tim. These characters demonstrate to us the life and conditions of the poor, and help to humanize the poor. I would also focus your speech on what people can do today to help improve the conditions of the downtrodden. A comparison of the programs for the poor in your area to those in Scrooge's London would drive the point home.