Lowood is the place where Jane grows from a recalcitrant child into a principled young woman. It's a difficult process, to be sure, but it does happen. The people Jane meets are powerful forces in her life--a young, patient friend who dies too soon; a cruel director who sees the girls as problems to be fixed rather than children to be loved; a kind, loving teacher who helps guide her and gives her opportunity. Lowood is not a good place; despite that, good things happen there for Lane.
One of the key structrual aspects of this novel is how it is split into 5 easily identifiable sections based on locations: Gateshead, Lowood, Thornfield, Moor House and Ferndean Manor. Each one corresponds to a key developmental stage of Jane Eyre´s life. As a bildungsroman, you need to consider how Jane Eyre as a character develops through her Lowood stage. What lessons does she learn? What characters have an influence upon her? How is she different at the end of this stage before she goes to Thornfield from the end of the Gateshead episode?
Features of this chapters based on these questions that you will need to consider concern Jane´s friendship with Helen Burns, and, to a lesser extent, Maria Temple. There are lots of conversations between Helen and Jane where Helen explains her philosophy of life and religion. You will also want to think about how this impacts Jane´s response to the mistreatment she receives at the hand of Mr. Brocklehurst.
Just some ideas - hope it helps!
Life for Jane is very difficult at first. She is treated harshly,and feed poorly. Her friendship with Helen Burns is cut short due to Helen's death. Most of her poor treatment can be blamed on Mr. Brocklehurst, who has been pocketing money meant for the girls at Lowood. After Brocklhurst is caught, Jane is allowed to develop both her mental abilities and her social graces. Unlike many women of her time, she has the skills to be able to support herself. So when she is old enough, she advertises for a position as a governness. Thus, even though the experience at Lowood is very difficult at first, she owes her ability to make a living to the institution and that's why she gives them money when she is finally able.