Explain the knowledge behind the poem "The River's Story" and also point out any figures of speech in the verse.
The River’s Story
By Brian Patten
I remember when life was good.
I tumbled down mountains,
Shilly-shallied across meadows,
I laughed and gurgled through woods,
Stretched and yawned in a myriad of floods.
Insects, weightless as sunbeams,
Settled upon my skin to drink.
I wore lily-pads like medals.
"The River's Story," written by Brian Patten, is a brief life history of an unnamed river, presented in the first person voice of the river. It describes the river's birth high in the mountains, where "life was good" as it ran through meadows filled with nature's beautiful variety of life. However, now the river is surrounded a different type of life and is filled with the pollution poured into it by the factories. As it dies because of the "filth" being poured into it, the river calls out to all those listening to its story to recognize the loss of beauty and to mourn that the future will not inherit a clean river.
The poem uses many similes to explain its surroundings at different points in its life. "Lilypads like medals" adorned the river during good times; factories hover over it "like drunken giants" as it dies. Kingfishers "disguised as rainbows" quietly revealed the glories of the clean river.