A heat engine absorbs 893 J of energy per cycle from a high-temperature source. The engine does 4.50X10^2 J of work during each cycle, expelling 4.43x10^2 J as heat.What is the engine's efficiency?
Here input energy of 893 J was absorbed by the machine and give us a successful work of 450 J. From the rest 443 J are expelled as heat.
So efficiency = (successful work done)/(Energy input)*100%
So the efficiency of the machine is 50.39%.
Always the efficiency of the machines are less than 100% due to the losses like heat, sound, vibration etc. If we use the expelling heat for another work we can increase the efficiency of the whole system.