Scrooge's transformation is the essence of Dickens' work. Scrooge is shown to be worthy of the social isolation he experiences. For his part, Scrooge rejects most, if not all, attempts to forge bonds with others. In Dickens' work, the use of spiritual guidance brings Scrooge to the point where he is forced to reevaluate his own life and the choices that he has made. When he recognizes that his life is one in which people do not mourn his passing and view his death in the same cold and materialistic terms in which he has viewed them, Scrooge wishes to change. Scrooge wants the one thing that his money and power cannot afford to him in terms of a second chance.
It is in the reveling of this second chance where Scrooge's transformation becomes critical. From being a person that others either failed to understand or demonstrated happy at being rid of, Scrooge becomes someone who is a friend to others. He vows to give more to charity, pledging more money to come later on when he encounters the man collecting for charity in the street. He is a better "master" when he vows to remain committed to the Cratchit family. When he sits with Cratchit and promises to discuss his raise and pledges his support to Tiny Tim, one can see how he becomes "as good as master." Finally, Scrooge understands that the people in the city are confused with his transformation. It is here in which he revels in being someone who represents "the good old city" with his change. In these, Scrooge has changed into what can be as opposed to being content with what is.