How to Write a Research Paper

by eNotes

Start Free Trial

I have to write a research paper about thyroid disorder. I need to focus more on hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Also, I need a strong thesis statement.

Thesis statement: While the symptoms of hypothyroidism may not be present consistently throughout a patient's life, the long-term effects of the disease can be debilitating, and early detection and treatment is vital to controlling the disease. Next, you'll need to do some research on your topic. In order to find quality academic sources, start with a search engine such as Google Scholar or ResearchGate.com/first page. You can also use your school library or university databases if they are available to you. These databases typically cover medical journals, peer-reviewed studies, and other scholarly works that will be beneficial in supporting your thesis statement.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

A research paper requires a general understanding of the subject matter, a thesis as to what you plan to prove throughout the paper, and academic sources to support your thesis. In order to develop a thesis statement about thyroid disorders, you first need to understand the definitions of the key terms hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

According to the Mayo Clinic, hyperthyroidism is an overactive thyroid, indicated when the thyroid produces extra thyroxine. This disorder causes an increased metabolism which can lead to weight loss and an irregular heartbeat. Hypothyroidism, on the other hand, is caused when the thyroid does not produce enough thyroxine. Ultimately, this can cause some patients to experience infertility, heart disease, obesity, and related health issues.

In order to frame this as a thesis, you'll have to decide what you care the most about and want to prove through your paper. On the topic of thyroid disease, you could choose to focus on diagnosing, treating, or curing the disease; the prevalence of the disease in certain groups; lesser-known thyroid conditions; and so on. Once you choose your area of concern, you need to construct a sentence that summarizes what you plan to prove in the pages that follow. An example of a thesis statement one could choose as a focus on this topic would be:

While the symptoms of hypothyroidism may not be present consistently throughout a patient's life, the long-term effects of the disease can be debilitating, and early detection and treatment is vital to controlling the disease.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

In order to formulate a thesis statement for a research paper on the thyroid disorders of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, you first need to decide on a specific aspect of the disorders to address in your paper. Some possibilities include: the long term effects of the disorders, the symptoms, the etiology (or cause) of the disorders, or even the treatments available. More specifically, you could investigate the disorders as they impact women and various women-specific experiences like pregnancy, or you could look at the history of treatments for thyroid problems over the years and how they have changed.

Once you know what you would like to write about, you can easily construct a strong thesis statement that both introduces and summarizes your topic to your reader. Ask your teacher if you are permitted to start a thesis statement with the phrase "This research paper will explore . . . " or something similar. Simply complete the sentence with your research topic and some detail of your topic that focuses your research. Here's an example: "This research paper will explore the long-term effects of untreated hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism in women of child-bearing age."

Good luck!

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The American Thyroid Association, at the link below, is a good source of information about thyroid disease. The thyroid is an endocrine gland that is in the base of the neck. It secretes hormones that are critical in many bodily functions, such as using the energy from food and maintaining body temperature.

In the case of hyperthyroidism, the thyroid secretes too much thyroid hormone. There is often a genetic component to this disease, which is also called Grave's Disease, though it can also be caused by lumps in the thyroid. People who suffer from this disease tend to lose weight and have other symptoms, such as anxiety and perspiration because their bodily processes are too speedy. Hypothyroidism, on the other hand, is caused when the thyroid produces too little thyroid hormone, making a person feel colder and more sluggish as the body's processes are slowed down. This disease can be caused by many factors, including autoimmune disease. Your thesis might focus on the vital role the the thyroid plays in regulating many bodily functions and the way in which the overproduction or underproduction of hormones by the thyroid can result in many adverse side effects throughout the body.

Further Reading

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team