I have to write a cause and effect essay about homelessness. How to write it? I have listed 3 causes and 2 effects. But I still have trouble on introduction and conclusion, please instruct me how to do that.
The body of the essay, which you have written is the most challenging part of an essay. If you have written this part without having formed a thesis, you will need to re-examine it to be certain that each of your body paragraphs contain a topic sentence that makes a new point. Apparently, these are the 3 causes of which you make mention?
Here, then, is what is contained in the introduction of an essay according to Bailey and Powell's The Practical Writer:
- A motivator, or hook- This is one or more sentences that present a reflection, a question, or a quotation that "hooks," or motivates the reader enough to continue reading the essay.
- The thesis statement - Just as the topic sentence of a paragraph states the main idea of that group of sentences, the thesis statement is a general statement of the main idea of the essay.
- A "blueprint" - This is a short list of the principal points that will be presented in the essay. If the essay is a five-paragraph essay, then 3 points are necessary. These 3 points, then, generate the topic sentences of the central paragraphs.
A thesis statement on homelessness could look something like this:
Over the years, homelessness in the United States has become a serious social problem because of (1st point), (2nd point), and (3rd point).
The conclusion, or last paragraph, is simply a summation of the central paragraphs with a reiteration of the thesis statement. It has two parts: a reworded thesis statement and what is known as a "clincher"; that is, a finishing sentence that has impact, leaving no doubt in the mind of the reader that the essay is at its end; also, the clincher is a reminder of the motivator. Here is an example of a clincher:
Clearly, that person who sleeps under the viaduct is yet a human being with needs, both psychological and physical.
The conclusion is simply a wrapping up of the writer's main points and their purpose.
See the links below for further assistance. Good luck!