How can I correctly include examples of characters' self-restraint from Pride and Prejudice in my research writing?
Shall I write down the quotes and explain when I want to clarify the self-restraint and sense in those characters. Or bring critics point of view which clarifed those two virtues though I have not found critics who talked about such virtues(sense and self-restraint in P&P).
Many thanks for you kind help.
In regards to the first part of your question, yes, you should include quotations from the novel to support your thesis. If your thesis states that characters from the novel demonstrate self-restraint and sense, then part of your support in your body paragraphs must be quotations/paraphrasing. That will serve as solid primary support for your thesis.
To answer the second part of your question, you should also include literary critics' opinion on the characters as another means of support in your body paragraphs. While you might not be able to find quotations from critics that mention specifically the words "self-restraint" or "sense." Look for critics' opinions on Elizabeth's independence and common sense or on Mr. Darcy's ability to remain silent on the Wickham issue until it became necessary for him to defend his sister's and his honor.
A logical, effective research paper or literary analysis includes includes citations from several different sources; so if you can vary your support, your paper will be of higher quality.
I think that it would benefit you to add a bit of both quotes that demonstrate self-restraint and the areas that the critics define the virtues in the book. It is difficult to find literary responses at times, but searching for sites that pertain specifically to Jane Austen may help.
In the book "Sense and Sensibility" Marianne is contemplating her sister's interaction with demonstration of her feelings for Edward. Her sister, Elinor, is far more reserved than Marianne and exemplifies the appropriate behavior of restraint expected in a woman of her day.
"That her sister’s affections were calm"(106)"
Elinor presented herself with soft composure but once alone she allowed herself the luxury of thought. It was only in her thoughts that she was allowed the freedom to express her true feelings.
"Elinor found everyday afforded her leisure enough to think of Edward, and of Edward's behavior, in every possible variety which the different state of her spirits at different times could produce, with tenderness, pity, approbation, censure, and doubt."(106)