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Compare and contrast the spread of Buddhism in Asia and the spread of Islam in Africa and Asia.

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The spread of Buddhism in Asia and the spread of Islam in Africa and Asia are similar because they are both made possible by trade networks. The Silk Roads, which stretched from China in the East to Constantinople in the West, connected early modern and medieval cities together, encouraging trade between merchants and other actors. As a result of trade, cultural diffusion occurred, where merchants and people in different civilizations spread their culture and religions peacefully from one city to the next. Buddhism, which began in Northeast India, successfully spread to East and Southeast Asia as a result of Silk Roads trade, as well as missionaries who brought the religion into China. As a result, there was a surge of Buddhism in Tang Dynasty China. Islam, which began in Mecca, was spread by Muslim merchants and nomadic trading groups like the Berbers, spreading the religion peacefully throughout the Silk Roads as well as the Trans-Sahara trade network in Northern Africa.

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