I would suggest that the best direction to take for this presentation is to discuss whether the prison camp at Guantanamo Bay should be closed. This is the main way in which Guantanamo is relevant for current events.
I would start with a brief discussion of why there is a prison camp at Guantanamo Bay in the first place. To do this, you will need to discuss the invasion of Afghanistan after the 9/11 attacks. You will need to touch on the ambiguous legal status of people who are captured when the US is fighting against an enemy that is not part of any country’s military.
I would then move on to a discussion of the pros and cons of closing the camp. To do this, you will need to touch on a number of issues. You will need to look at whether it is moral to keep people in this camp without charging them with any crimes. You will need to look at whether it is feasible to charge people like the detainees with crimes and to try them in American courts. You will need to look at whether it would be more intelligent to house the detainees in regular prisons in the US where it would cost much less to incarcerate them. You will need to look at what alternatives exist for releasing those who are cleared for release.
You do not say how long your presentation needs to be, but I would think that this would be enough for a presentation of a reasonable length.
I truly believe that we write best when we write about what we know.
Guantanamo Bay is in the news and current because of the war on terror. I would write using this approach.
Some questions I would ask would be:
Are these criminals deserving of being there?
Are the interrogation methods too harsh? Do they go against what we stand for as a nation as stated in the Bill of Rights?
Does protecting the nation against terror allow us to take such drastic measure?
This kind of things are relevant to our world today. I often write better when I can relate it to my experiences.