I have an essay about will the European Union sustain itself. I think it means that I have to write an essay about whether they will stay together or split apart in the future, and cause war. Can...

I have an essay about will the European Union sustain itself. I think it means that I have to write an essay about whether they will stay together or split apart in the future, and cause war. Can someone please give me at least 2 examples of how the EU will sustain and at least 2 examples of how they will not sustain? Thank you!

Asked on by ramierezww

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pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

First of all, I do not believe that most people think that there would be a war if the European Union were to break up.  While the EU has problems, they do not reach a level where the various countries are ready to go to war with one another.  The more likely scenario is simply that Europe has a whole would be weakened both economically and politically if the EU did break up.  With that said, let us look at reasons why the EU might or might not break up.

A major reason why the EU might break up is nationalism.  Nationalism is the feeling of intense connection to one’s country.  Nationalism is a problem for the EU because members of the EU are asked to give up some of their national sovereignty and let the EU government rule them in some ways.  This bothers people who have nationalistic feelings.  They are so attached to their own country that they do not want it to have to obey any other country or supranational body.

Another reason why the EU might break up is that the economies of the various countries are not all at the same level of development and stability.  These differences cause dissension between countries.  The major example right now is the disagreement between Greece and Germany.  Greece’s newly-elected government wants to move away from the austerity programs that it promised to undertake and Germany (and other rich EU countries) is opposed to such a move.

A major reason why the EU might not break up is that it would cause economic hardship in Europe.  The EU has created a very large single market that is a major economic power.  This (arguably) helps make Europe as a whole richer than it would be if it were split up into separate small economies.  Since EU countries know that breaking up the EU would probably hurt their economies, they are unlikely to do so.

A second reason is that breaking up the EU could also weaken Europe politically.  If the EU remains united, it represents a large, populous, and rich area.  If the countries break up,  each national government only represents its own, much smaller, area.  The individual countries would not have as much international clout as the EU has a whole enjoys.  

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