In Hamlet's soliloquy in Act 1, Scene 5, what literary devices are used, and what purpose do they serve (e.g. how do they shape Hamlet as a character)?

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Let us try for three distinct, substantial literary devices used in the soliloquy from act 1, scene 5, of Hamlet.

IronyIrony is the most prominent literary device in Hamlet's soliloquy. Obviously "irony" is a common word, and, in common usage, it has taken on a more general and complex meaning than it does in strict literary analysis. To keep things rigorous, we will go with Merriam-Webster's definition: 3(a): "incongruity between the actual result of a sequence of events and the normal or expected result; an event or result marked by such incongruity."

Compared with the rest of the play, the whole of this soliloquy is true, textbook irony. Hamlet is fiery here, confronted with a terrible injustice and inspired to right it through revenge. He calls on all considerations of his past life to be swept aside:
Yea, from the table of my memory I'll wipe away all trivial fond records, all saws of books, all forms, all pressures past, that youth and observation copied there; and thy commandment...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 835 words.)

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