In Hamlet, how does Shakespeare show Gertrude thinking and planning, and then how do her realizations change the atmosphere? what was the authors purpose of including Gertrude?

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By the end of Act 3, Gertrude has a much different understanding of what Hamlet has been thinking and why he has been acting the way he has through the play to that point.  He makes it abundantly clear that her marriage to Claudius is sinful and a disgrace to King Hamlet and the throne of Denmark.  Hamlet even seems to have persuaded her to try and stay away from Claudius.  He has also revealed that he is NOT crazy but that it has all been an act.  With this realization, Gertrude tries very hard to be on his...

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