A Passage to India by E. M. Forster

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Describe and analyze the relationship between Aziz and Fielding in the closing scene of A Passage to India, particularly as revealed by their behaviour and sentiment.

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A Passage to India was published in 1924—that is, 23 years before Britain finally ceded colonial control of the Indian subcontinent and created India and Pakistan. Independence was not then considered inevitable.

As the novel ends, Fielding and Aziz have gone on a ride together. Although they are arguing constantly, they keep saying they do not want to spoil the ride. Fielding often accuses Aziz of being impractical or romantic, as he totally dismisses the idea of Indian self-governance. At one point, when Aziz raises the idea of driving the British out, Fielding sarcastically suggests that he is proposing it become the colony of a different ruler. Fielding asks,

Who do you want instead of the English? The Japanese?

Aziz at first goes along with the "joke," saying that he wants the Afghans, his own ancestors. As they continue arguing in this vein, Aziz finally loses his patience as "Fielding mocked again." In a rage, Aziz shouts at...

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