Is Gulliver's Travels a Horatian or a Juvenalian satire? Give examples from the text.

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Satire is the only literary genre invented by the Romans. It therefore developed and varied with less constraint than tragedy, epic, and all the other genres which boasted a Greek pedigree. Horace called his satires "sermones," the word from which we derive the English "sermon," and they have some of the same intentions as a sermon—to correct the audience's behavior by considering a bad example.

Juvenal's satires, by contrast, are savage, indignant excoriations of human corruption and folly. Given this description, it is immediately apparent that Gulliver's Travels is Juvenalian in spirit and intent. This is particularly evident in book IV, where Swift sees no possibility of redemption or correction for the filthy, savage Yahoos. His condemnation of them is absolute. At the end of the book, when Gulliver has returned to England, he is repulsed by all human beings who seem to him exactly the same as Yahoos, and he incidentally gives a list of various types of people who typify corrupt...

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