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Grendel suffers a fatal wound during his battle with the revered warrior Beowulf in Heorot Hall. While the warriors sleep inside of the magnificent Heorot Hall, Grendel arrives with bloody intentions. Grendel enters the mead hall and immediately kills an unsuspecting warrior before drinking his blood. The vicious monster then attempts to eat Beowulf, who suddenly grabs onto his arm and refuses to let go. Grendel begins to panic and attempts to escape from Beowulf's strong grip but cannot free himself. Beowulf and Grendel struggle for an extended period of time, trashing and destroying the inside of the mead hall.

When Grendel lets out a fierce outcry, the nearby warriors attempt to intervene but discover that they cannot use their weapons because Grendel placed a spell on them. Grendel finally manages to escape from Beowulf's grip but is fatally wounded after Beowulf rips the monster's arm from his body. Grendel then flees to his mother's lair, where he dies from his fatal wound. Grendel's claw, arm, and shoulder are then hung from the rafters at Heorot Hall as the Danes celebrate Beowulf's victory.

Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on October 8, 2019
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Beowulf and his men await Grendel in Heorot Hall, which is empty because Grendel has been terrorizing it. At night, Grendel strikes. Beowulf pretends to be asleep, but when Grendel attacks, Beowulf jumps up and grabs his claw. A fierce battle between the two follows, with Beowulf fighting Grendel barehanded. Beowulf's men try to attack and kill Grendel with their swords, but Grendel has put a spell on their weapons. None of their swords are able to penetrate Grendel's flesh. Beowulf is finally able to wrench Grendel's arm out of its socket at the shoulder. This mortally wounds Grendel, and he runs off to die. The claw, arm, and shoulder of Grendel are hung in Heorot Hall, and a great celebration follows. 

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At night, Beowulf and his men lie in wait for Grendel in Hrothgar's Mead Hall. When Grendel invades the hall, he kills and eats two of Beowulf's men, which gives him a false sense of security. As he reaches for his third vicitm, Beowulf, he is shocked to discover that his claw is being bent backward causing him immense pain. Their battle concludes with Beowulf's ripping Grendel's arm off, fulfilling his promise to Hrothgar to kill the monster with his bare hands. Beowulf nails Grendel's severed arm to the mead hall rafters and, although Grendel runs away, he is later found to have bled to death in his underwater lair.

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Although the answer is never presented clearly, Grendel appears to die as a result of blood loss.  Beowulf fatally injures Grendel in the meadhall and the beast skulks home to its mother to die.

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Beowulf kills Grendel in a great battle, and as proof of his conquest, hangs the monster's arm and claw over the rafters of Hrothgar's Great Hall.  Grendel had terrorized the kingdom for a dozen years and killed many, many warriors.  There is no sympathy for the monster and his defeat cements Beowulf's reputations as the greatest of the great. 

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