In The Great Gatsby, is Jordan Baker a static character or a dynamic character?
Dynamic characters undergo some significant change during the course of a novel. Static characters remain the same. I don’t think Jordan Baker changes much, so I would call her a static character. Jordan is detached, unsentimental and materialistic. She uses people and therefore fits in well with the upper class world of superficial socialites. When Jordan and Nick meet for the last time, it is clear that she has not changed. Nick has decided not to play games anymore and to move on. In the last chapter, she does say that being with an honest straightforward person was a new experience for her, but it did not affect her enough to make a permanent change.
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Often, most characters in a novel or play are not dynamic, so that the contrast with those who are is more apparent. Tom and Daisy retreat into their vast wealth, donning the convenient blinders of social status; they do not change. Gatsby remains the romantic idealist to the end, even after his case is hopeless; he too, remains static. Jordan's utter carelessness for anyone beyond herself remains; she is static. Nick, however, is the one dynamic character who realizes his love for Jordan is superfluous and thus leaves her; he comes to understand the cold inhumanity of Daisy and Tom; he develops an admiration for Gatsby's collosal dream despite its impossibility. He thus changes profoundly because he went to the East as a naive "rookie" but emerges as a mature, thoughtful character who now sees beyond the glittering attraction of "life in the fast lane."