The answer to this question depends on what progressive reforms one is referring to. Progressivism was above all an urban movement, and many of its reforms were a consequence of people who worked at the local level, establishing settlement houses, engaging in social work, promoting political reform in city governments, and pushing for revisions in city housing ordinances, to name a few reforms. But many of the most enduring Progressive reforms were implemented at the federal level. Federal laws and amendments established safety standards for food and drugs, instituted a federal income tax, promoted management of monetary policy through the Federal Reserve, and, infamously, implemented Prohibition, long a goal of many urban reformers, at the national level. So Progressive reformers worked at the local, state, and federal level to reform society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth-centuries. A prominent example of this reform impulse was Theodore Roosevelt, whose zeal for reform dated in part to his service as New York City's police commissioner in the late 1800s. He would carry this commitment for Progressive reform into the office of New York governor and then the Presidency itself.