There are several ways an author lets us get to know and understand a character in a literary work. We get to know characters by:
- The things the characters say
- The character's actions (the things the character does)
- What other characters say about a certain character
- The character's physical description
The best way to study for a test is to identify the characters and come up with several ways they are characterized by the author. For example,
Doodle is described by his brother as a "disappointment" and a "burden." This tells you how other characters feel about Doodle. Doodle is also described as "all head, with a tiny body which was red and shriveled like an old man's." This is characterization through the description of this physical being. Doodle shows his fear of being alone when he says, "Don't leave me!" to Brother. And, Doodle's loving character is shown by his actions in his willingness to fight through his disabilities to make his brother happy.
If you do this with each character, you will have some great examples to support your ideas on a test.