Goldstein argues that “the machine” could be used to solve many of society’s problems, but that the Party uses it to destroy society. Explain how this works according to Goldstein.

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In 1984 , Emmanuel Goldstein is the purported leader of the underground resistance movement against the party. In Goldstein's book, the "machine" refers to the surplus of goods which are produced in an industrial society. In theory, this surplus creates enough wealth in a society so that every person comes...

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In 1984, Emmanuel Goldstein is the purported leader of the underground resistance movement against the party. In Goldstein's book, the "machine" refers to the surplus of goods which are produced in an industrial society. In theory, this surplus creates enough wealth in a society so that every person comes to enjoy a better standard of living. They have adequate housing, food, and clothing, for instance. 

But this equal distribution of wealth creates a problem for the ruling elite, as Goldstein explains: "For if leisure and security were enjoyed by all alike, the great mass of human beings who are normally stupefied by poverty would become literate and would learn to think for themselves." In other words, if people enjoy a high standard of living, they become impossible for the party to control.

For the party to maintain its grip on the people, then, it had to find a way of producing a surplus of goods while simultaneously keeping the general standard of living very low. This, says Goldstein, is the purpose of war:

"The essential act of war is destruction, not necessarily of human lives, but of the products of human labour...Even when weapons of war are not actually destroyed, their manufacture is still a convenient way of expending labour power without producing anything that can be consumed."

So, by maintaining a perpetual state of war, the party is able to control the mass population and protect its power. It doesn't matter who the enemy is or even if Oceania is winning, it only matters that war is constantly happening. Keeping people in a constant state of warfare also makes them more likely to submit to the party. They turn to Big Brother for protection and support. Even if they chose to rebel, whom would they rebel against? The party has no capital city nor tangible figurehead - it simply represents a world-view which is perpetuated by itself:

"All the beliefs, habits, tastes, emotions, mental attitudes that characterize our time are really designed to sustain the mystique of the Party and prevent the true nature of present-day society from being perceived."

In other words, the party has eliminated independent thought and free will by creating one homogeneous culture which is loyal only to Big Brother.

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