I'm not sure how globalization affects transportation, I would say the relationship is the other way around. Speed of transportation "shrinks" the world by making it easier for people to travel from one place to another. The advent of telecommunications and now the internet have exacerbated this trend, contributing to the dissemination of food, goods, and other items around the world.
Fashion, food and education tend to become more homogeneous across the world. You have people from one country being increasingly able to go to school in another. You have fashions and foods being traded across borders (McDonald's in China and India and France, for example). This makes countries less distinct from one another.
Fashion is something that gets a higher acceptabilityand its impact can be seen on culture rather quickly. Transport is another factor that brings the world closer and can effect culture though electronic media (communications) is basically transforming the world in to a global village. Transportation and communications are also the major reason for availability of food of different places in the other countries as more and more people get exposed to it.
However, the main cause of bringing the world closer is education and transportation, along with communications which is not mentioned in the discussion topic explanation. These are the also some of the factors for global trade because travel and trade have always been going side by side if we look at the history.