I'm not sure how globalization affects transportation, I would say the relationship is the other way around. Speed of transportation "shrinks" the world by making it easier for people to travel from one place to another. The advent of telecommunications and now the internet have exacerbated this trend, contributing to the dissemination of food, goods, and other items around the world.
Fashion, food and education tend to become more homogeneous across the world. You have people from one country being increasingly able to go to school in another. You have fashions and foods being traded across borders (McDonald's in China and India and France, for example). This makes countries less distinct from one another.