In The Giver, what reasons does the Giver give for members of the community not being allowed to make their own choices?

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In Chapter 13, Jonas laments about the fact that there are no choices because everything is the same in his community. When Jonas asks the Giver why it is necessary that everything is the same, he elaborates on the importance of Sameness throughout the community. The Giver tells Jonas that if citizens were given the freedom of choice and had opportunities to decide things for themselves, they would possibly make the wrong choices. The Giver then explains to Jonas that it would not be considered safe to allow individuals to make their own choices. In Jonas's community, conformity and safety are of the utmost importance in order to sustain a stable, comfortable environment. The concept of Sameness prevents citizens from making their own choices in order to protect them from possibly making bad decisions. Essentially, the community sacrifices individual freedoms to ensure safety and conformity.  

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In Chapter 13 Jonas questions why people in the community cannot make their own choices and The Giver provides one main reason: they might make the wrong ones. As a result, no individual feels the disappointment that comes with making an incorrect choice. Jonas then immediately agrees that this would be a bad thing and even muses about how terrible it might be if members of the community could choose their own jobs and spouses. What Jonas fails to recognize is that the lack of individual freedom of choice also means that no one ever experiences the joys and happiness that can come from choosing something of one's own. 

This lack of individual choice implies that the Elders know the citizens better than they know themselves and that individual choice is dangerous.

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