Given the following: 1, 4, 5,  9, 14,......... Determine the recursive formula that would generate this sequence?

Expert Answers
sciencesolve eNotes educator| Certified Educator

You should notice that adding the first and the second terms yields the third term, then adding the second and the third term yields the fourth term, hence, using inductive method, you should prove the following formula, such that:

`x_(n+2) = x_(n+1) + x_(n) => x_(n) = x_(n+2) - x_(n+1) `

You need to perform th steps of mathematical induction, hence, you need to start by verifying that` x_1 = x_3 - x_2` such that:

`x_1 = 1, x_2 = 4, x_3 = 5`

`1 = 5 - 4 => 1 = 1` valid

You need to perform the next step, hence, assuming that P(k) is valid, then `P(k+1)` is alos valid.

`P(k): x_k = x_(k+2) - x_(k+1)` valid

You need to prove that `P_(k+1): x_(k+1) = x_(k+3) - x_(k+2)` is also valid.

`x_(k+1) = x_(k+3) - x_(k+2)`

Since `x_(k+2) = x_k + x_(k+1)` is valid yields:

`x_(k+1) = x_(k+3) - x_k - x_(k+1) => 2x_(k+1) = x_(k+3) - x_k`

`x_(k+1) = (x_(k+3) - x_k)/2` valid

Hence, evaluating the reccurence formula of the given sequence, yields `x_(n) = x_(n+2) - x_(n+1).`

justaguide eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The sequence that has to be generated by the recursive formula has the terms 1, 4, 5, 9, 14, ...

It can be seen from the terms provided that starting with the third term, each term is the sum of the preceding 2 terms.

`T_1 = 1` and `T_2 = 4` .

Starting with `T_3` , `T_n = T_(n-1) + T_(n-2)`

The recursive formula that generates the sequence 1, 4, 5, 9, 14, ... is `T_n = T_(n-1) + T_(n-2)` with `n>= 3` .