Given: f(x)= {1/x, if 0<x<b                   {1-1/(4x), if b less than or equal to x A. Determine a value of b so that f is continuous at b B. Is f differentiable at the value of b?...

Given: f(x)= {1/x, if 0<x<b

                  {1-1/(4x), if b less than or equal to x

A. Determine a value of b so that f is continuous at b

B. Is f differentiable at the value of b? Verify this using the definiton of derivative

1 Answer | Add Yours

embizze's profile pic

embizze | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

Given `f(x)= {[1/x,0<x<b],[1-1/(4x),b<=x]}.`

(a)  `1/x` is continuous for all values of x, x>0. Also `1-1/(4x)` is continuous for all values of x>0.

For f(x) to be continuous at b, we need `1/x` evaluated at b to be equal to `1-1/(4x)` evaluated at b.

`1/x=1-1/(4x) ==> 4=4x-1 ==> x=5/4`

f(x) is continuous at b if `b=5/4`

(b) To determine if f(x) is differentiable at `b=5/4` :

`lim_(x->(5/4)^-)(f(x)-f(5/4))/(x-5/4)`

`=lim_(x->(5/4)^-)(1/x-4/5)/(x-5/4)`

`=lim_(x->(5/4)^-)((-4(x-5/4))/(5x))/(x-5/4)`

`=lim_(x->(5/4)^-)-4/(5x)=-16/25`

-------------------------------------

`lim_(x->(5/4)^+)(f(x)-f(5/4))/(x-5/4)`

`=lim_(x->(5/4)^+)((1-1/(4x))-(1-1/(4(5/4))))/(x-5/4)`

`=lim_(x->(5/4)^+)(1-1/(4x)-4/5)/(x-5/4)`

`=lim_(x->(5/4)^+)((4x-5)/(20x))/(x-5/4)`

`=lim_(x->(5/4)^+)((4(x-5/4))/(20x))/(x-5/4)`

`=lim_(x->(5/4)^+)4/(20x)=4/25`

Since the left-hand limit does not agree with the right-hand limit, the function is not differentiable at `x=5/4`

The graph:

Note the "cusp" at `x=5/4`

 

We’ve answered 318,979 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question