Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) is widely accepted as a progenitor of the scientific method and the father of the modern essay. In both areas he relied on systematic empirical thinking in order to further understand nature and social interactions. He helped create the scientific method of strict observation and inductive reasoning.
Bacon was a member of the British Parliament, a jurist, and a philosopher. In these capacities he used the scientific method to organize his thinking. He organized knowledge into three groups: history, poetry, and philosophy, and studied them from the point of view that information is processed through memory, reason, and imagination.
Bacon first published his Essays in 1597, and published later editions in 1612 and 1625. His essays are written in a logical and systematic way, approaching their subjects from a variety of viewpoints, comparing them, and writing in clear prose, often employing aphorisms to concisely make a point. He covered such topics as truth, love, death, marriage, education, religion, child-rearing, health, and good and evil, to name a few.
His essays were highly esteemed by his contemporaries when they were first published, and are continued to be held in high regard by modern scholars.