What are some kinds and examples of pronouns? Especially demonstrative pronouns?  this is my assignment

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A pronoun refers to a noun, an individual or individuals or thing or things (the pronoun's antecedent) whose identity is made clear earlier in the text.  The student finished the assignment.  He worked quite well during the time.  ("He" is the pronoun for the antecedent, which is "the student.")  Pronouns are especially helpful in writing because repetition of the same noun makes for rather lifeless and dull writing.  This, that, these, those, none and neither are Demonstrative Pronouns that substitute nouns when the nouns they replace can be understood from the context. They also indicate whether they are replacing singular or plural words and give the location of the object:


This: singular and near the speaker- such as "This is my assignment."

That: singular and at a distance from the speaker- such as "That is something I don't want to have for dinner."

These: plural and near the speaker.  "These plums are the best ones."

Those: plural and at a distance from the speaker.   "Those storm clouds do not look good."


grammargator eNotes educator| Certified Educator

akannan's answer begins with a good explanation of personal pronouns and their function. Also, it is correct to say that this, that, these, and those are demonstrative pronouns. By definition, demonstrative pronouns "point to" something.

Remember, though, that ALL pronouns stand in for, not modify, nouns. The examples given could be misleading in this regard. When words such as these and those are used WITH a noun, (these plums, those storm clouds), they are really acting as adjectives.

Also, none and neither are not considered demonstrative, but indefinite, pronouns. The latter group includes words such as anything, somebody, everyone, etc.