Give some examples of solute and solvent.
One example of a solution is salt water. Here, the solute is salt, and the solvent is water.
Solute and solvent are the two components of a solution.
A solvent is a substance that dissolves the solute. And the solute is the substance being dissolved.
To identify them, take note that if the subtance present in a solution undergoes change of state, it is the solute. However, if neither of them change state, the reagent in smaller amount is the solute.
Below are some examples of solutions. The solute and solvent are identified.
Example 1: Mix salt and water to form a solution.
When salt is dissolved in water, it changes from solid to liquid. While the water remains as liquid.
Hence, in this solution, the salt is the solute and water is the solvent.
Example 2: Vinegar
To make a vinegar, acetic acid and water are mixed together. These two substances are both liquid. And when mixed together, both of them remains in liquid form. There is no change of state. However, the amount of acetic acid is smaller compared to that of water.
Thus, the acetic acid is the solute and the water is the solvent.
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