One of the most striking elements from this chapter of Kottak's text that connects with life today and speaks to us in a modern context is how Wallerstein's world system theory. This is one example from "The World System and Colonialism" that is still relevant today. Examining the relational construction of core and peripheral nations speaks to today's setting. The condition of globalization has helped to make this relationship even more exploitative as companies in core nations seek to outsource jobs to peripheral nations to generate even more wealth. This is one example of how Kottak's analysis in the chapter speaks to us and connects to our reality.
Another example of instant connection to modernity is Kottak's discussion of industrialization and its effect of constructing classes of people in a social setting. Kottak speaks of industrialization and its byproduct of wealth accumulation and social stratification. This is evident in the modern setting. Even as globalization as sought to increase the promise and possibility of enfranchisement, the reality is that the very, very wealthy stand alongside the very, very poor. As Kottak indicates, there is more of the latter than of the former. In this chapter, Kottak's treatment of Marx and class consciousness is another example of a connection to the modern setting that speaks to us for it is a part of our reality.