Drinking tea was an important custom in Victorian England. The beverage originated in Chinma; its use was well established by the 8th century. It was first brought to Europe by a Jesuit missionary Father Jasper de Cruz, who returned with tea to Portugal in 1560 A.D. By the 17th century it had become popular in Europe and Britain. Before the introduction of tea, the two main meals were breakfast and dinner. Anna, Duchess of Bedford, adopted the European custom of serving tea with sandwiches and sweets in the afternoon. Many fashionable hostesses followed suit.