Give one example of alliteration and one example of a paradox used in Paradise Lost, book 1 or 2. Be sure to use direct quotes from the poem.

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The first two books of Paradise Lost are full of stirring martial speeches, as Satan and the other fallen Angels try to rally their spirits after their defeat. However, the use of alliteration is relatively sparse and subtle, often occurring in Milton's descriptions rather than in direct speech. There are, for instance, the repeated "m" sounds in the lines:

For never since created man,
Met such imbodied force, as nam'd with these
Could merit more then that small infantry ...

Then there are a couple of instances of daring in Satan's speeches: "durst defie" and "durst dislike."

The two books are full of paradox. Few readers of Paradise Lost have failed to notice that Milton makes his Satan noble and even admirable while still being evil. Then there is the grandeur of his speech, its confidence continually at odds with the hopelessness he feels:

So spake th' Apostate Angel, though in pain,
Vaunting aloud, but rackt with deep despare:
One of the most complex and interesting paradoxes occurs at the beginning of book 2. Satan points out that to be leader in Hell is to have the greatest share of pain and danger. Therefore, while there might be (and recently has been), some jockeying for position in Heaven, where a higher position means a greater share of joy, no one will be likely to covet his position in Hell. This, ironically, will give them a unity which the forces of Heaven lack:
The happier state
In Heaven, which follows dignity, might draw
Envy from each inferior; but who here
Will envy whom the highest place exposes
Foremost to stand against the Thunderer's aim
Your bulwark, and condemns to greatest share
Of endless pain? Where there is, then, no good
For which to strive, no strife can grow up there
From faction: for none sure will claim in Hell
Precedence; none whose portion is so small
Of present pain that with ambitious mind
Will covet more!
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