2 Answers | Add Yours
Ethanol reacts with phosphorus pentachloride at 23 oC to form hydrogen chloride, ethyl chloride (chloroethane) and phosphoryl chloride.
The chemical reaction is:
C2H5OH + PCl5 ==> C2H5Cl + POCl3 + HCl
Ethanol Phosphorus Ethyl Phosphorus Hydrogen
. Pentachloride Chloride Trichloride Chloride
The balanced chemical equation for the reaction between ethanol and phosphorous (V) chloride is:
`C_2H_5OH + PCl_5 -> C_2H_5Cl + POCl_3 + HCl`
Here, ethanol reacts with phosphorous chloride to produce ethyl chloride (also known as chloroethane), phosphorous trichloride and hydrochloric acid. This reaction takes place at 23 degrees Celsius.
This is a balanced chemical reaction since the number of atoms of each species is same on both sides (that is, reactants and products) of the reaction. For example, there are 2 atoms of carbon on the reactant side. Similarly, there are 2 atoms of carbon on the product side and hence the reaction is balanced in terms of carbon. Similarly, we have 6 atoms of hydrogen on both the reactant and product side of the equation. We can check for balance of other atoms as well.
Hope this helps.
We’ve answered 319,199 questions. We can answer yours, too.Ask a question