Give me the full meaning of separation according to Forster in his "A passage to India" and the different kind of separation which the novel has.
I would like to know the different kind of separation which we find in this novel.
The element of separation takes on different forms in Forster's work. There is the separation of Indians from the British in terms of treatment and opportunity. At the same time, there is a theme of separation within the British, themselves. Specifically, there are those British like Fielding, who believe in working with the Indians in making a better life for many, and those like most of the other Indians, Rony or McBride or any of the British who regularly attend "the club," that seek to control the Indians and strive for dominance in the establishment of personal superiority as "little gods." The theme of emotional separation can be seen in the withering relationship of Adela and Rony, as well as Fielding and Aziz. This theme is enhanced in a more mortal sense with Mrs. Moore and Professor Godbole, who seem to be separated from the temporal realm and entering one of greater eternity. I would think that the Marabar Caves themselves, an area where only the equality of "Boum" can be experienced, is separated from the rest of the world, itself. At some level, each character in the work endures some type of separation, which can be a statement in its own right about the nature of Colonial rule and life.
The most obvious element of separation in Forster's A Passage To India is that of the separation between the races, Indian from English, dark-skinned from white-skinned,Indian-speakers from English-speakers. Under the apartheid system in various places, of course this separation was harshly enforced by physical barriers as it was also in ghettos such as those endured by Jews. Separation can be through prohibition (buses,schools,hospitals) or physical (walls,fences,water.) Perhaps the most bloody and painful split of all is when a nation is torn into two nations.Even in the higher ranks of Indian society, aristocratic Indians could still suffer from exclusion-never quite being totally accepted by the imperialist colonial white race - for example being banned from joining an exclusive country club. It seems that even when acting relaxed and friendly while for example being hospitable to higher ranking Indians during a card game, the dominant English are still an elite and exclusive club underneath. The cordiality and hospitality is a fake, and is patronising to the extreme. The true separation still exists underneath and makes a hypocrisy of the rest.