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Goleman's emotional intelligence theory establishes a baseline for measuring domains of intelligence outside of those traditionally measured by IQ tests. Goleman's idea was to explain the essential "missing link" that accounts for why some incredibly brilliant people are unsuccessful in their relationships and professional lives. Goleman argued that traditional measure of intelligence failed to account for an individual's own ability to recognize, manage and express both his own emotions and those of others.
One example of emotional intelligence in this model is knowledge of one's own emotions. A person who is quick to anger needs to be able to recognize the signs of when anger is approaching. Likewise, a person feeling guilt, fear or anxiety needs to be able to recognize and name those emotions.
For Goleman, awareness of one's own emotions was a critical aspect of overall intelligence and an important indicator of success. Recognizing one's own emotions is a way of both validating them and managing them. Recognizing emotion also allows us to express our emotions appropriately. We've all been in the midst of an argument and asked: "Why are you so angry?", only to hear: "I'm not angry!" screamed at us angrily. Recognizing anger and other "negative" emotions gives us the opportunity to voice them in a constructive manner.
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