Give the general name for this state when viruses are not considered "living" when outside a host cell.
When a virus is extracellular, (outside the cell), it is called a virion. A virion is made up of nucleic acid surrounded by a protein coat called a capsid. I think virion is the word you're looking for. But two other types of virus particles are viroids which lack a caspid and are only found in plants, and prions are proteins lacking nucleic acid but these have been shown to infect animals.