Give examples of literary techniques used in chapters 33 through 40 in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Literary techniques include color imagery, alliteration, simile, figurative language, dialect, etc.
These chapters are loaded with literary devices. Huck's character is prone to comparison and as a result many similes populate his narrative. Twain's aim to explore dialect is also fully on display in these chapters.
The use of dialect is present throughout the novel. One particular instance of special or specific dialect comes at the opening of the thirty-third chapter when Tom and Huck discuss the fact that Huck is still alive.
"I hain't ever done you no harm. You know that. So, then, what you want to come back and ha'nt me for?
The use of "hain't" and "ha'nt" form a nice example of Twain's witty use of dialect. Here he composes a rather poetic line using two similar words taken from the vernacular associated with Tom and Huck.
In this line we also see an example of repetition bordering on alliteration. The line that follows builds upon this alliterative effect.
"I hain't come back - I hain't been gone."
Later, Tom is said to enter the Phelps' yard, not like a sheep, but like a ram. This is an example of figurative language (simile) from a point a little further along in the thirty third chapter. Another simile appears when the family sits down to eat and Huck suggests that the food is quite good and does not taste like a "hunk of cold cannibal in the morning".
One example of a simile, a type of figurative language, is "his mouth opened up like a trunk" in Chapter 33. In this simile, Tom Sawyer's mouth is compared to a trunk that opens wide on its hasps. In Chapter 34, Tom Sawyer says of Huck's commonsensical plan to free Jim, "It’s as mild as goose-milk." This is another simile in which Tom compares the easiness of Huck's plan to the mild nature of goose milk.
An example of dialect is Huck's description of Tom's return to Aunt Sally's house: "He warn’t a boy to meeky along up that yard like a sheep; no, he come ca’m and important, like the ram." This example uses dialect such as "warn't" instead of "wasn't" and the word "meeky" as a verb. It also uses figurative language, such as comparing Tom to a sheep and a ram (which are similes). Tom approaches Aunt Sally's house boldly like a ram instead of weakly like a sheep.
There are several examples of alliteration, such as "so Tom he thanked them very hearty and handsome." Alliteration involves the repetition of beginning sounds such as the "h" in "hearty" and "handsome." Other examples of alliteration are "My heart fell down amongst my lungs and livers and things," which features the repetition of the "l" sound, and "we got a splendid stock of sorted spiders" in Chapter 39.
An example of color imagery is when Huck says that he can't make "gold-leaf distinctions" between different examples of stealing when he steals a watermelon. This use of the phrase "gold-leaf" implies the idea of fine distinctions.