Atticus deals sensitively with Scout and manages to teach her one of the most valuable lessons she learns in the novel. Scout is frustrated with the treatment she receives from Miss Caroline, her new teacher, and wishes to stop going to school like Burris Ewell. Scout is equally annoyed to have been reprimanded by Calpurnia having commented on Walter Cunningham's poor table manners.
Atticus gently explains that it is the law that she attend school. He explains that the Ewells are a product of their upbringing, and that Scout should try to identify and understand people before she judges them.
"You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view - until you climb into his skin and walk around in it."
He treats his daughter with sensitivity and respect which is key to this valuable lesson as he is trying to foster these very qualities in Scout.