Give detailed summary for each stanza of A. D. Hope's poem "Australia."
A. D. Hope's poem, "Australia," is divided into seven quatrains. This is a summary of each quatrain.
1. The colors of the Australians landscape are like the khaki of a military uniform. Australian hills are like the ruins of ancient monuments.
2. People call Australia a young country, but the landscape is ancient. Australia is like a woman after the menopause, no longer able to give birth.
3. Australia does not have the grand cultural heritage of "younger" countries in Europe and Asia. The dry landscape swallows the rivers, as though the rivers were drowning.
4. There is an enjambment from the previous stanza. A river, or immense stupidity, floods the continent with people, who finally arrive in the ancient continent. They do not live like civilized people. They merely survive, like animals. These are the people who will live on the earth as it dies.
5. The five major cities are like sores. The European immigrants drain the land but remain on its periphery, their populations growing but never connecting with the country.
6. Some people, like the poet, are still glad to come back to Australia from more civilized countries. It is an intellectual desert, but prophets come out of the desert.
7. If there is any valuable spirit to be found in Australia, it is out in the harsh red desert, not among the chattering descendants of Europeans who live in the cities.
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