Sir Francis Bacon was a true Renaissance man in that he was accomplished in many areas, one of which was essayist (read a brief bio at the link below). Some scholars believe it was he who invented the essay as a literary form. Even more amazing is that he wrote essays for fun.
His essays cover a huge range of subjects and the writing style is quite varied. Some are philosophical, some are witty, some are deep, some are humorous. Bacon often takes both sides of an argument in his essays, seeming to enjoy the role of “devil’s advocate” arguing against himself. Writers and speakers (including even Shakespeare!) have quoted from his essays.
You can see the variety of his essays by examining their topics, some of which include: Truth, Death, Anger, Envy, Revenge, Travel, Marriage and Single Life, Suspicion, Riches, Ambition, Goodness and Goodness of Nature, Plantations, The Colors of Good and Evil, etc. (see link below). There is even a Bacon group right here on enotes (see link).
Two of my favorite quotes:
From Of Truth:
There is no vice, that doth so cover a man with shame, as to be found false and perfidious.
From Of Atheism
It is true, that a little philosophy inclineth man’s mind to atheism; but depth in philosophy bringeth men’s minds about to religion.